In the 19th century, York became a hub of the railway network and a confectionery manufacturing centre.
In recent decades, the economy of York has moved from being dominated by its confectionery and railway-related industries to one that provides services.
The fortress, whose walls were rebuilt in stone by the VI legion based there subsequent to the IX legion, covered an area of 50 acres (20 ha) and was inhabited by 6,000 legionary soldiers.
The site of the principia (HQ) of the fortress lies under the foundations of York Minster, and excavations in the undercroft have revealed part of the Roman structure and columns.
Archaeological evidence suggests that Mesolithic people settled in the region of York between 80 BC, although it is not known whether their settlements were permanent or temporary.
By the time of the Roman conquest of Britain, the area was occupied by a tribe known to the Romans as the Brigantes.
Under Viking rule the city became a major river port, part of the extensive Viking trading routes throughout northern Europe.
The last ruler of an independent Jórvík, Eric Bloodaxe, was driven from the city in 954 AD by King Eadred in his successful attempt to complete the unification of England.
Alternatively, the word eofor already existed as an Old English word for wild swine, which is a cognate of the current Low Saxon word eaver and Dutch ever.
The African Women’s Development Fund (AWDF) is a grantmaking foundation that supports local, national and regional women’s organizations working towards the empowerment of African women and the promotion and realization of their rights.
) is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England.
It became the capital of the Roman province of Britannia Inferior, and later of the kingdoms of Northumbria and Jórvík.
In the Middle Ages, York grew as a major wool trading centre and became the capital of the northern ecclesiastical province of the Church of England, a role it has retained.