The violent agitations of 1965 against the compulsory imposition of Hindi and in support of English in India in the state marked a major shift in the political dynamics of the city and eventually it had a big impact on the whole state.
Because of Madras and its people, English now exists in India, otherwise Hindi might have been made the sole official language in India.
Thomas, who is believed to have preached in the area between 52 and 70 CE.
In 1612, the Dutch established themselves near Pulicat, north of Chennai.
Sandy areas are found along the river banks and coasts, and include areas such as Tiruvottiyur, George Town, Madhavaram, New Washermanpet, Chepauk, Mylapore, Porur, Adyar, Besant Nagar and Uthandi.
In these areas, rainwater runoff percolates quickly through the soil.
Sculpted caves and paintings have been identified from that period.
It was derived from the name of a Telugu ruler Damarla Chennappa Nayakudu, father of Damarla Venkatapathy Nayak, a Nayak ruler who served as a general under Venkata III of the Vijayanagar Empire from whom the British acquired the town in 1639.
The Otteri Nullah, an east–west stream, runs through north Chennai and meets the Buckingham Canal at Basin Bridge.
Several lakes of varying size are located on the western fringes of the city.
In January 2015, it was ranked third in terms of per capita GDP.
The name Madras originated even before the British presence was established in India.