Adolescents may be at even greater risk than adults for physical and psychological harm given their lack of experience, desire for independence, and reliance on support from inexperienced peers (Callahan, 2003).These factors limit their ability to respond to violence and access effective intervention.
Studies demonstrate that non-sexual violence in dating relationships frequently involves the reciprocal use of violence by both males and females. Measuring teen dating violence in males and females: insights from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence. Dating violence against adolescent girls and associated substance use, unhealthy weight control, sexual risk behavior, pregnancy, and suicidality. Dating violence among urban, minority, middle school youth and associated sexual risk behaviors and substance use. A longitudinal examination of psychological, behavioral, academic, and relationship consequences of dating abuse victimization among a primarily rural sample of adolescents. Dating violence victimization across the teen years: abuse frequency, number of abusive partners, and age at first occurrence. Measuring sex differences in violence victimization and perpetration within date and same-sex peer relationships. An evaluation of Safe Dates, an adolescent dating violence prevention program. Experiences of psychological and physical aggression in adolescent romantic relationships: links to psychological distress. Development and validation of the conflict in adolescent dating relationships inventory. Beyond correlates: a review of risk and protective factors for adolescent dating violence perpetration. Methodology of the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System—2013. Youth risk behavior surveillance—United States, 2013. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics; 2013.Additionally, individuals who experience dating violence during adolescence may be at increased risk for continued interpersonal violence in adulthood both as victims and/or perpetrators.Although once narrowly conceptualized as involving only physical force, dating violence is now more broadly recognized as a continuum of abuse which can range from incidents of emotional and verbal abuse to rape and murder (Hickman et al, 2004).