Thus, in an ironic turn, American evangelicals are rethinking birth control even as a majority of the nation's Roman Catholics indicate a rejection of their Church's teaching.
How should evangelicals think about the birth control question?
A growing number of evangelicals are rethinking the issue of birth control–and facing the hard questions posed by reproductive technologies.
Several developments contributed to this reconsideration, but the most important of these is the abortion revolution.
Even where the ability to conceive and bear children may be absent, the will to receive children must be present.
To demand sexual pleasure without openness to children is to violate a sacred trust.
At the same time, evangelicals overcame their traditional reticence in matters of sexuality, and produced a growth industry in books, seminars, and even sermon series celebrating sexual ecstasy as one of God's blessings to married Christians.
Once reluctant to admit the very existence of sexuality, evangelicals emerged from the 1960s ready to dish out the latest sexual advice without blushing.
This conviction is now casting a cloud over the Pill as well.
The evangelical conscience was awakened in the late 1970s, when the murderous reality of abortion could not be denied.
A massive realignment of evangelical conviction was evident by the 1980 presidential election, when abortion functioned as the fuse for a political explosion.
For many evangelical Christians, birth control has been an issue of concern only for Catholics.
When Pope Paul VI released his famous encyclical outlawing artificial birth control, Humanae Vitae, most evangelicals responded with disregard - perhaps thankful that evangelicals had no pope who could hand down a similar edict.