Although this papyrus was brought out of its hidden place in 1828, it was not until 1909 that Alan Gardiner challenged the document and began studying its content.The nature of the message in the Ipuwer papyrus depicts violence and chaos in Egypt. Lange, evidence does validate the idea that the Ipuwer papyrus was written during the Middle Kingdom, as the language style and vocabulary corresponds to those used during that era. Lange says that there are indications that the manuscript was copied from an older version, perhaps dating from the beginning of the 18th Dynasty (circa 1550 BC to 1292 BC).The ancient Egyptians called their land Kemet (meaning "Black land”.) by the way, the words pyramid and sphynx are also Greek words. NTR, spoken most likely as Per-Neter which meant “house of the god” and sphynx Shesepankh, which meant "living image”.I’ve read several interpretations of the Ipuwer Papyrus and each is slightly different. The papyrus does list several disasters that seem to parallel the Biblical account, but there are others that are not in Exodus (i.e.
On the other hand, a controversial, yet intriguing, interpretation of this text was proposed by Dr.
The first section is missing so we do not know if this is a factual account or a “fiction”.
Hopefully, another copy will someday be uncovered in the sands of Egypt so that we will have a complete account to read.
Immanuel Velikovsky who brought up a theory that the Ipuwer papyrus is a source of evidence for the events of the Exodus, from the Old Testament.
Scholars usually agree that the Exodus events would have taken place at some point around the New Kingdom of Egypt (circa 1573 BCE).