State-enforced laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions.
Due to rapid industrialisation, today China is undergoing a process of reform, at least in terms of economic, if not social and political, rights.
Latin legal maxims (called brocards) were compiled for guidance.
In medieval England, royal courts developed a body of precedent which later became the common law.
Islamic Sharia law is the world's most widely used religious law, and is used as the primary legal system in some countries, such as Iran and Saudi Arabia.
The adjudication of the law is generally divided into two main areas.