In 2010, the USA was the world’s largest producer of sorghum (8.8 million metric tons annually), followed by India (7.0), Mexico (6.9), Nigeria (4.8) and Argentina (3.6).
However, these global figures mask wide variations at the national level.
Hard endosperm sorghum is used extensively in south-east Asia for noodles.
Sorghum grain is one of the major ingredients in swine, poultry and cattle feed in the western hemisphere, China and Australia.
Both yield and quality are affected by a wide array of biotic stresses (pests and diseases) and abiotic stresses such as drought and problematic soils.
In the second group (industrialized countries and some developing countries), production is modern, mechanized, high-input and large-scale, sorghum is primarily used for animal feed, and yields are higher.