Note: a 7th ground level barn dated 1787 was eliminated from the conclusion because the date was derived solely from three samples taken from floor joists.The upper framing was not sampled and suggests a later date when compared to the other dated barns. Conclusion – ground barns: The 1790s were the wild west of Holland Township.cutting and hauling timbers,” “55 days board,” “32 meals at raising,” “3 gallons rum,” “blacksmith work for hinges and nails,” “work of carpenters £12.0.0,” “masons work,” “2000 Shingles,” etc.The question remains, what did the circa 1750 to 1776 tenant barn look like?NBA’s blog, The Barn Journal, is named in honor of the work of Past President, Charles Leik, and the website he started in 1996.Charles communicated with a number of barn owners around the country and compiled their stories for all to enjoy.These include rafter plates with double notched rafter seats, posts with a flair at one end reused as a plate, as well as whole sections of reused framing.These fragments may be dendro dated in the future with the hopes of finding some evidence of the type of barn construction during the 1750 to 1776 tenant period.
The results of the dendro study indicate that all of the dated barns, were built after the associated farm had been sold and suggest that these barns were built as an improvement (or as an addition) to the earlier tenant barns.
Conclusion – Pennsylvania Forebay barns: According to a late 19th century account, in 1806, Phillip Burgestresser (1778-1841) who was of German ancestory, moved to Holland Township from Tinicum Township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania and built a “nice brick house and good barn far superior to that of his neighbors.” This quote suggests that the “far superior” barn was a Pennsylvania Forebay bank barn and that this barn type first appeared in Holland Township in or slightly after 1806.
The date of 1806 for the earliest remaining stone Pennsylvania forebay barn supports this conclusion.
This study has been funded in part with grants provided by the New Jersey Historical Commission.
It was hoped that a study of this kind would answer questions related to ethnic settlement patterns.